With his late '70s band The Contortions, saxophonist and rabble rouser James Chance engineered the first successful fusion of funk and punk, then took it a step further with his subsequent groups James Black and the Whites and the Flaming Demonics.
It would have been easy to be fooled by James Chance in late '70s New York, just looking at him. His greased pompadour, ski-jump nose and greasy pompadour, plus the lounge lizard attire he favored, gave him more than a passing resemblance to the movie brats of decades previous. But if you happened to see him onstage blowing his horn or getting in a fistfight with a fan in a club, you saw him for who he really was: one of the preeminent avant-garde provocateurs of his age.
Chance arrived in New York from his native Milwaukee in the mid '70s, hauling his saxophone and his given surname, Sigfried. He soon hooked up with Lydia Lunch and her crew of downtown adolescent artists/mischief-makers, playing briefly in the seminal Teenage Jesus and the Jerks, but he left in 1977 to form his own band, The Contortions. Maybe more than anyone else in the so-called No Wave set, Chance was fascinated with black music of the era, and with The Contortions, sought to integrate the horn-spiked stop-on-a-dime rhythms of funk and the heady freedom of Ornette Coleman's sax playing with the confrontational and political theatricality of punk.
A tight rhythm section provided the band's funky skeleton, while open-tuned slide guitar, lurching organ, squawking sax, and all manner of groans and yells gave The Contortions their wild dissonance. Even today, with numerous bands in the post-punk renaissance acknowledging their indebtedness to No Wave in general and Chance in particular, The Contortions' blend of organized twitchiness and raw anarchy sounds remarkably unique. But like the scene to which they were so central, The Contortions burned out quickly, releasing only one album, Buy the Contortions, along with the four songs they contributed to Brian Eno's legendary No New York comp.
Chance soon resurfaced as James White (in honor of James Brown) with a new band called The Whites which actually featured almost the same personnel as The Contortions. Part parody, part homage, part smirking catastrophe in action, James White and the Blacks moved away from the punk that had defined their earlier incarnation, and towards a fusion of the soul, funk, and free jazz with disco that ranks as one of the weirdest musical hybrids of its era. But like all of Chance's endeavors, The Blacks' one album, Off White, called into question in all sorts of interesting ways the meaning of "black" music and "white" music and the ways racial identity is inscribed in artistic creations of any sort.
Yet another jazz-funk hybrid band known as The Flaming Demonics followed. Throughout the '80s and '90s, numerous labels, most notably the great reissue label ROIR, released various Chance artifacts. But the coup de grace came in 2003, when Tiger Style Records put out the definitive Chance retrospective, Irresistible Impulse. The triple-disc, 49-song box set features the albums Chance cut with each of his three bands, plus a fourth Chance album from 1982, rarities, lost sessions, and assorted other Chance miscellanea.